Recovery Power - Scientific Reference
GREEN 85 JUICE FORMULA
Ingredients Profile & Scientific References
By Dr. Scott Treadway
#1 MAGNESIUM OROTATE
Many medical specialists are now advising that magnesium should be part of every athlete’s recovery process. Magnesium orotate is known to be highly absorbable.
Magnesium is an essential “Master Mineral” for athletic performance and is a building block for hundreds of chemical processes in the body.
Your muscles’ ability to contract and relax and to recover after use is highly dependent on how much magnesium is available in your body.
A few physiological functions Magnesium is important for:
- Nerve function
- Cardiac activity
- Blood pressure regulation
- Hormonal interactions
- Bone health
- Synthesis of proteins, fats and nucleic acids
- Relief of cramped muscles
- Endurance – electrolyte balancing
- Joint health
- Heart health – healthy blood pressure and stress heart protection
- Lowering lactic acid for better performance
Magnesium activates enzymes which help produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate).
ATP plays a crucial role in the metabolic and muscular process. When your body breaks down ATP, the energy that is released is used by your muscles. The more you exercise and the harder you exercise, the faster your body burns up the energy released from breaking down ATP. If you’re not getting enough magnesium, it can result in low energy levels and problems with muscle function.
During strenuous activity magnesium is required by the organs (including muscle) and a situation is created whereby there is an increased difficulty to supply magnesium to the athletes by natural sources in sufficient amount. Continuous magnesium supplementation to the athlete must be considered as a supportive and beneficial measure during periods of long physical stress. REF: Golf S. Magnesium and physical exercise. Journal of Trace Elements and Electrolytes, 2008; 25(4): 231.
- R. Geiss, N. Stergiou, Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
April 1998, Volume 12, Supplement 2, pp 153–156, Effects of Magnesium Orotate on Exercise Tolerance in Patients with Coronary Heart Disease
- Aydin H, Deyneli O, Yavuz D, Gözü H, Mutlu N, Kaygusuz I, Akalin S. Short-Term Oral Magnesium Supplementation Suppresses Bone Turnover in Postmenopausal Osteoporotic Women. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2009 Jun 2. (Epub ahead of print).
- Bartlett HE, Eperjesi F. Nutritional supplementation for type 2 diabetes: a systematic review. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2008 Nov;28(6):503-23. Review.
- Bendich A. The potential for dietary supplements to reduce premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms. J Am Coll Nutr. 2000;19(1):3-12.
- Bo S, Pisu E. Role of dietary magnesium in cardiovascular disease prevention, insulin sensitivity and diabetes. Curr Opin Lipidol. 2008 Feb;19(1):50-6. Review.
- Borja-Del-Rosario P, Basu SK, Haberman S, Bhutada A, Rastogi S. Neonatal serum magnesium concentrations are determined by total maternal dose of magnesium sulfate administered for neuroprotection. J Perinat Med. 2014;42(2):207-11.
- Bureau I, Anderson RA, Arnaud J, Raysiguier Y, Favier AE, Roussel AM. Trace mineral status in post menopausal women: impact of hormonal replacement therapy. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2002;16(1):9-13.
- Champagne CM. Magnesium in hypertension, cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, and other conditions: a review. Nutr Clin Pract. 2008 Apr-May;23(2):142-51. Review.
- Chiladakis JA, Stathopoulos C, Davlouros P, Manolis AS. Intravenous magnesium sulfate versus diltiazem in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Int J Cardiol. 2001;79(2-3):287-291.
- Chiuve SE, Korngold EC, Januzzi JL, Gantzer ML, Albert CM. Plasma and dietary magnesium and risk of sudden cardiac death in women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011;93(2):253-60.
- Ciarallo L, Brousseau D, Reinert S. Higher-dose intravenous magnesium therapy for children with moderate to severe acute asthma. Arch Ped Adol Med. 2000;154(10):979-983.
- Crowther CA, Brown J, McKinlay CJ, Middleton P. Magnesium sulphate for preventing preterm birth in threatened preterm labour.Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014;8:CD001060.
#2 MALIC ACID
Malic acid helps restore energy levels.
Malic acid is an essential component in ATP production and the Krebs cycle, a process that turns carbohydrates, proteins and fats into energy in your body. Without sufficient Malic acid the Krebs cycle can’t function properly, leading to fatigue.
- Abraham G, Flechas J. Management of fibromyalgia: Rationale for the use of magnesium and malic acid. J Nutr Med1992;3:49-59.
- Russell IJ, Michalek J, Flechas J, et al. Treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome with SuperMalic: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover pilot study. J Rheumatol1995;22(5):953-7.
Known historically as the “Destroyer of Weakness” the herbal ingredient, Shilajit, contains over sixty trace minerals and is used for anti-fatigue purposes in traditional medicine. Shilajit has naturally occurring Fulvic Acid and Humic Acid to help support general strength and vital health.
A form of Shilajit from the Caucasus mountains in Russia known as “Moomiyo” was used by Russian athletes in the 1960’s and 1970’s as a secret food supplement for Olympic athletic recovery.
In traditional medicine Shilajit is considered a panacea herbal remedy since it has so many positive benefits for supporting good health, strengthening and general vitality.
- Ghosal S, Reddy JP, Lal VK Shilajit I: chemical constituents . J Pharm Sci. (1976)
- Acharya SB, et al Pharmacological actions of Shilajit . Indian J Exp Biol. (1988)
- Agarwal SP, et al Shilajit: a review . Phytother Res. (2007)
- Meena H, et al Shilajit: A panacea for high-altitude problems . Int J Ayurveda Res. (2010)The need for formulation of shilajit by its isolated active constituents
- Bucci LR Selected herbals and human exercise performance . Am J Clin Nutr. (2000)
- Biswas TK, et al Clinical evaluation of spermatogenic activity of processed Shilajit in oligospermia . Andrologia. (2010)
Tulsi or Holy Basil is a traditional herb that has been revered for thousands of years as the “The Incomparable One” and was traditionally used to promote a positive stress response and the elevation of the spirit. Basil is also known to support anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial action.
- Hossain MA1, Kabir MJ, Salehuddin SM, Rahman SM, Das AK, Singha SK, Alam MK, Rahman A. “Antibacterial properties of essential oils and methanol extracts of sweet basil Ocimum basilicum occurring in Bangladesh”:Pharm Biol. 2010 May;48(5):504-11. doi: 10.3109/13880200903190977.
- Rattanachaikunsopon P1, Phumkhachorn P. “Antimicrobial activity of basil (Ocimum basilicum) oil against Salmonella enteritidis in vitro and in food.”: Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2010;74(6):1200-4. Epub 2010 Jun 7.
Ashwagandha is a traditional herb known for its adaptogenic qualities. As a powerful adaptogen, Ashwagandha increases an individual’s ability to adapt to environmental stresses and factors and helps to reduce damage to the body from these factors. It helps the body to maintain a balanced state while under physical stress and improves recovery time. In addition, Ashwagandha doesn’t produce the “spike and crash” effect like conventional athletic stimulants.
Ashwagandha has been clinically proven to increase the cardio-respiratory response. This leads to reduced fatigue and improved stamina. For example, in a controlled study over 12 weeks, a group of 49 healthy, active adults were supplemented with either Ashwagandha or placebo twice daily. The herbal group showed up to a 13.6 percent increase in maximum oxygen consumption. Participants also self-reported an increase in their physical and psychological health. (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4687242)
Yet another benefit for athletes is Ashwagandha’s proven ability to improve the results of their efforts: muscle strength, lean body mass, and body fat percentage. In another study, Ashwagandha produced a marked increase in serum testosterone levels (up to and over 15 percent!), which was associated with muscle growth and increased strength. Most notably, those taking the ingredient experienced a 17.1 percent increase in arm muscle size, and a 16.1 percent reduction in average body fat. (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4687242)
- Archana R, Namasivayam A. Antistressor effect of Withania somnifera.J Ethnopharmacol. 1999;64:91–93. [PubMed]
- Atta-ur-Rahman, Samina-Abbas, Dur-e-Shahwar, Jamal SA, Choudhary MI, Abbas S. New withanolides from Withania spp. Journal of Natural Products. 1991;56:1000–1006.
- Begum VH, Sadique J. Effect Of Withania-Somnifera On Glycosaminoglycan Synthesis in Carrageenin-Induced Air Pouch Granuloma. Biochemical Medicine and Metabolic Biology. 1987;38(3):272–277.[PubMed]
- Bhandari CR. Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) “Vanaushadhi Chandroday” (An Encyclopedia of Indian Herbs) Vol. 1. Varanasi, India: CS Series of Varanasi Vidyavilas Press; 1970. pp. 96–97.
- Bhattacharya SK, Goel RK, Kaur R, Ghosal S. Anti – stress activity of Sitoindosides VII and VIII. New Acylsterylglucosides from Withania somnifera. Phytother Res. 1987;1:32–37.
- Bhattacharya SK, Kumar A, Ghosal S. Effects of glycowithanolides from Withania somniferaon animal model of Alzheimer’s disease and perturbed central cholinergic markers of cognition in rats. Phytother Res. 1995;9:110–113. Budhiraja RD, Sudhir S. Review of biological activity of withanolides. JSIR. 1987;46:488–491.
- Changhadi Govardhan Sharma, author. Ashwagandharishta – Rastantra Sar Evam Sidhyaprayog Sangrah – Krishna-Gopal Ayurveda Bhawan (Dharmarth Trust) Nagpur: 1938. pp. 743–744.
- Dekosky S, Scheff SW. Synapse loss in frontal cortex biopsies in Alzheimer’s disease: correlation with cognitive severity. Ann Neurol. 1990;27:457–464.
Dulse sea lettuce is naturally high in trace minerals, iron and iodine.
Dulse has been clinically proven to possess free radical scavenging activity, making dulse useful as an antioxidant. The seaweed has also been demonstrated to inhibit the growth of lipid (fat) cells in the laboratory. This is extremely important as environmental toxins are believed to be causing an increase in a host of auto-immune diseases such as multiple sclerosis, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis. The combination of constant stress, environmental pathogens, and malnutrition is harming many people’s immune systems. Utilizing dulse and other antioxidants helps to repair compromised body tissues.
- “Extracts from dulse (Palmaria palmata) are effective antioxidants and inhibitors of cell proliferation in vitro.” Y.V. Yuan, et al. Food and Chemical Toxology, July 2005; 43(7):1073-81.
- “Nutritional value of proteins from edible seaweed Palmaria palmata (dulse),” A.V. Galland-Imouli, et al. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, June 1999; 10(6): 353-9.
- Bauman College.org. “Hashimoto’s Autoimmune Thyroiditis: Eating for Health Applications for Recovery,” by Jody Friedlander, M.S. and Edward Bauman, M.Ed., Ph.D.
#6 MUCUNA PRURIENS
Mucuna pruriens is a traditional herbal remedy used for reducing stress and supporting male spermatogenesis. It contains naturally occurring L-dopa which is a precursor to dopamine, a neurotransmitter that can help to reduce fatigue or lack of energy and motivation. Also, MP supports anti-depressant action and stress reduction.
Mucuna Pruriens can Treat Male Infertility: MP is used as a supplement to treat male infertility and has been shown to increase sperm motility, sperm quality, and sperm count. In a double-blind study with 60 infertile men, treatment with MP (5 grams of powder daily) improved sperm count and motility.
- Shukla KK, Mahdi AA, Ahmad MK, Shankhwar SN, Rajender S, Jaiswar SP. Department of BiochemistryC.S.M. Medical University, Lucknow, India.
- Anti-parkinson drug–Mucuna pruriens shows antioxidant and metal chelating activity. Dhanasekaran M, Tharakan B, Manyam BV.
Department of Pharmacal Sciences, Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn, Alabama, USA
- Effect of Mucuna pruriens on semen profile and biochemical parameters in seminal plasma of infertile men. Ahmad MK, Mahdi AA, Shukla KK, Islam N, Jaiswar SP, Ahmad S. Department of Biochemistry, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, India.
#7 GREEN TEA
Green Tea (Camellia sinensis) has been consumed for thousands of years and Green Tea has been shown to encourage the healthy metabolism of sugars. It also offers the body antioxidant support, and it has been studied to show support of metabolic and cardiovascular health. Green Tea has also been shown to have a slightly anabolic (muscle-building) effect in those who lift weights regularly, as well as in older adults, who naturally begin to lose muscle mass as they age.
Green tea is high in polyphenols like flavonoids and catechins, which function as powerful antioxidants. These substances can reduce the formation of free radicals in the body, protecting cells from damage.
One of the more powerful compounds in green tea is the antioxidant Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG), which has been studied to treat various diseases and may be one of the main reasons green tea has such powerful medicinal properties.
Green tea contains the amino acid L-theanine, which is able to cross the blood-brain barrier. L-theanine increases the activity of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA, which has anti-anxiety effects. It also increases dopamine and the production of alpha waves in the brain.
Observational studies show that green tea drinkers have a lower risk of cardiovascular disease.
- Park YS, et al Comparison of the nutrient and chemical contents of traditional Korean Chungtaejeon and green teas. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. (2010).
- Park SK, et al A combination of green tea extract and l-theanine improves memory and attention in subjects with mild cognitive impairment: a double-blind placebo-controlled study. J Med Food. (2011).
- Improvement of Memory Impairment by the Combination of Green Tea Extract and L-Theanine through Inhibition of Acetylcholinesterase Activity in Mice
Turmeric is a traditional herb used historically as an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant.
Turmeric promotes healthy joint function and mobility by supporting the body’s inflammatory response, and its antioxidant action can help support the body after a workout. Turmeric has been used to support the body’s response to occasional pain and promote normal inflammatory function — such as after pushing your body during exercise.
- Arora R. B, Kapoor V, Basu N, Jain A. P. Anti-inflammatory studies on Curcuma longa (turmeric) Indian J Med Res. 1971;59:1289–95.
- Azuine M. A, Bhide S. V. Chemopreventive effect of turmeric against stomach and skin tumors induced by chemical carcinogens in Swiss mice. Nutr Cancer. 1992b;17:77–83. ]
- Azuine M. A, Bhide S. V. Adjuvant chemoprevention of experimental cancer: Catechin and dietary turmeric in forestomach and oral cancer models. J Ethnopharmacol. 1994;44:211.
- Boonjaraspinyo S, Boonmars T, Aromdee C. Turmeric reduces inflammatory cells in hamster opisthorchiasis. Parasitol Res. 2009;105:1459–63. ]
- Chandra D, Gupta S. S. Anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic activity of volatile oil of Curcuma longa (Haldi) Indian J Med Res. 1972;60:138–42.
#9 TRIBULIS TERRESTRIS
Although Tribulus Terrestris has been proven to help libido in both men and women it also has other health benefits. Extracts of Tribulus Terrestris have been shown to improve testosterone levels and to boost hormone levels.
- Aphrodisiac properties of Tribulus Terrestris extract (Protodioscin) in normal and castrated rats. K Gauthaman, PG Adaikan, RNV Prasad – Life sciences, 2002.
- The hormonal effects of Tribulus Terrestris and its role in the management of male erectile dysfunction–an evaluation using primates, rabbit and rat K Gauthaman, AP Ganesan – Phytomedicine, 2008.
- Protodioscin from herbal plant Tribulus Terrestris L improves the male sexual functions, probably via DHEA. Adimoelja and P. Genoshan Adaikan Airlangga University, Indonesia and National University of Singapore in 6th Biennial Asian-Pacific Meeting on Impotence in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (1997) Int. J Impotence Research v9, sup 1 (1997).
Maca Root benefits include increased fertility in both men and women, hormone balance, booster for the immune system, and increased energy, stamina, improved sexual function, memory, and focus.
Maca is considered an “adaptogen”, a name given to certain herbs, plants, and natural substances that help the body naturally adapt to stressors like a busy schedule, demanding job, or illness, for example.
- A pilot investigation into the effect of maca supplementation on physical activity and sexual desire in sportsmen.Stone M, Ibarra A, Roller M, Zangara A, Stevenson E. School of Psychology and Sports Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK
- Neuroprotective effects of Lepidium meyenii (Maca).
Pino-Figueroa A, Nguyen D, Maher TJ. Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.
- Maca (L. meyenii) for improving sexual function: a systematic review.
Shin BC, Lee MS, Yang EJ, Lim HS, Ernst E. Division of Clinical Medicine, School of Oriental Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan, South Korea.
Ginseng is a traditional herb used historically for energy, recovery, brain function and stamina.
Physical/mental health stimulant: Ginseng is believed to be a good tonic that benefits one’s stamina and helps boost energy levels. It helps athletes use oxygen more effectively, and it is believed to regulate metabolism, which can increase energy levels. Consumption of ginseng can also help athletes lower their recovery time and reduce stress.
Anti-inflammatory effects: Ginseng has seven constituents known as ginsenosides. According to results of experiments which were published in the Journal of Translational Medicine. Allan Lau, who led the study, said that “the anti-inflammatory role of ginseng may be due to the combined effects of these ginsenosides, targeting different levels of immunological activity, and so contributing to the diverse actions of ginseng in humans”.
- Geng J, Dong J, Ni H, et al. Ginseng for cognition. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2010;(12):CD007769. Accessed t http://www.thecochranelibrary.com(link is external) on March 31, 2015.
- Ginseng, panax. Natural Medicines Web site. Accessed at naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/ on March 30, 2015
- Ginseng root. In: Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J, eds. Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs. Newton, MA: Integrative Medicine Communications; 2000:170-177.
- Karmazyn M, Moey M, Gan XT. Therapeutic potential of ginseng in the management of cardiovascular disorders. Drugs. 2011;71(15):1989-2008.
- Shergis JL, Zhang AL, Zhou W, et al. Panax ginseng in randomised controlled trials: a systematic review. Phytotherapy Research. 2013;27(7):949-965.
Amla berries are a traditional fruit that are known to contain the highest level of naturally occurring vitamin C of any food source. Amla also contains bioflavonoids and Ellagic acid which make it one of the most powerful antioxidant sources of free-radical scavenging. This allows Amla to help cleanse the blood stream and tissues of toxins that are created during stressful activities or after athletic performance.
- Manjunatha S, et al Effect of Chyawanprash and vitamin C on glucose tolerance and lipoprotein profile . Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. (2001)
- Baliga MS Triphala, Ayurvedic formulation for treating and preventing cancer: a review . J Altern Complement Med. (2010)
- Vasudevan M, Parle M Effect of Anwala churna (Emblica officinalis GAERTN.): an ayurvedic preparation on memory deficit rats . Yakugaku Zasshi. (2007)
- Vasudevan M, Parle M Memory enhancing activity of Anwala churna (Emblica officinalis Gaertn.): an Ayurvedic preparation . Physiol Behav. (2007)
- Herbal medicine in ancient Egypt. Ali SK, et al In-vitro evaluation of selected Egyptian traditional herbal medicines for treatment of alzheimer disease . BMC Complement Altern Med. (2013)
- Anilakumar KR, Nagaraj NS, Santhanam K Reduction of hexachlorocyclohexane-induced oxidative stress and cytotoxicity in rat liver by Emblica officinalis gaertn . Indian J Exp Biol. (2007)
- EVALUATION OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDIES ON THE FRUIT OF EMBLICA OFFICINALIS GAERTN Judprasong K, et al Nutrients and bioactive compounds of Thai indigenous fruits . Food Chem. (2013)
Boswellia serrata has traditionally been used to support a healthy response to occasional pain and to promote a healthy inflammatory response. It also supports healthy, comfortable joints and promotes healthy blood flow to the body’s connective tissues. In addition, Boswellia’s support for a healthy inflammatory response also supports gut health by nourishing the mucosal lining of the GI tract.
- Gupta I, Parihar A, Malhotra P, Singh GB, Lüdtke R, Safayhi H, et al. Effects of Boswellia serrata gum resin in patients with ulcerative colitis. Eur J Med Res1997;2:37-43.
- Gupta I, Parihar A, Malhotra P, Gupta S, Lüdtke R, Safayhi H, et al. Effects of gum resin of Boswellia serrata in patients with chronic colitis. Planta Med2001;67:391-5.
- Jadad AR, Moore RA, Carrol D, Jenkinson C, Reynolds DJM, Gavaghan DJ, et al. Assessing the quality of reports of randomized clinical trials—is blinding necessary? Contr Clin Trials1996;17:1-12.
- Gupta I, Gupta V, Parihar A, Gupta S, Lüdtke R, Safayhi H, et al. Effects of Boswellia serrata gum resin in patients with bronchial asthma: results of a double-blind, placebo-controlled, 6-week clinical study. Eur J Med Res1998;3:511-4.
- Sander O, Herborn G, Rau R. Is H15 (resin extract of Boswellia serrata, “incense”) a useful supplement to established drug therapy of chronic polyarthritis? Results of a double-blind pilot study. [German] Z Rheumatol1998;57:11-6.
- Gerhardt H, Seifert F, Buvari P, Vogelsang H, Repges R. Therapy of active Crohn disease with Boswellia serrata extract H 15. [German] Z Gastroenterol2001;39:11-7.
- ↵Kimmatkar N, Thawani V, Hingorani L, Khiyani R. Efficacy and tolerability of Boswellia serrata extract in treatment of osteoarthritis of knee—a randomized double blind placebo controlled trial. Phytomedicine2003;10:3-7.
Join the Chemical Free Movement!
CHEMICAL FREE BODY MEDIA All Rights Reserved.
May be shared with copyright and credit left intact.